Sue Young Histories

Habib Anthony Salmone (1830-1895)

November 26, 2013

Intelligence Dr. Habib Anthony Salmone (1830-1895) ‘… was a Syrian Professor educated in England, Habib offered secret information in March 1885 to the Foreign Office about the plans of the Madhi to undermine the British occupation of Egypt… William Ewart Gladstone and the Foreign Secretary… authorised various payments to him from secret service funds, but these were terminated when Salmone’s role became known in the region… (Nigel West, The A to Z of British Intelligence, (Scarecrow Press, 2 Sep 2009). Page 469)’

Habib Anthony Salmone was Professor of Arabic at King’s College, and lecturer at UCH in 1883 (Anon, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, (Cambridge University Press for the Royal Asiatic Society, 1834). Page 23. Anon, The Academy and Literature, Volume 46, (Academy Publishing Company, 1895). Page 556).

Habib Anthony Salmone was a friend of James John Garth Wilkinson and he is listed in both of James John Garth Wilkinson’s address books at 12b Belsize Road, NW (Swedenborg Archive Address Book of James John Garth Wilkinson dated 1895. _See also Swedenborg Archive _Address Book of James John Garth Wilkinson ‘Where is it’ dated 1.10.1892.).  

From‘… A curious postscript to this story is that on 15 July 1993 (the week before I gave a version of this paper in Cairo), the British Government released papers concerning General Gordon, the Mahdi and Arabi, that indicated (falsely) that Khartoum might have fallen as early as November 1884, not on 26 January 1885, the official date, and that the Mahdi was holding Gordon as late as the following March as a pawn to bargain for the release of Arabi, the British evacuation of the Soudan and the recognition of the Mahdi as its sovereign. The informant, Dr Habib Anthony Salmone was, however, considered by Arabi’s party to be a British spy, and by March 1885 the British Foreign Office also considered him untrust-worthy, as well as objecting to the size of his expense account…’

Habine Anthony Salmone’s Obituary is in Anon, The Academy and Literature, Volume 46, (Academy Publishing Company, 1895). Page 556.