A Homeopathic History of Tuberculosis
February 26, 2011
Tuberculosis is a very ancient disease. It is probable that humanity became infected with tuberculosis when we began to domesticate animals, thousands of years ago…
Tuberculosis is a common and in some cases deadly infectious disease caused by various strains of mycobacteria, usually Mycobacterium tuberculosis in humans. Tuberculosis usually attacks the lungs but can also affect other parts of the body. One third of the world’s population is thought to be infected with M. tuberculosis, and new infections occur at a rate of about one per second.
Homeopathy has a long history treating tuberculosis - a condition also referred to as Bronchite (French), Consumption, Phthisis, Phtisis,
Please note: this list is far from complete…
1828 - Armand Trousseau, was a French orthodox physician who wrote a monograph on laryngeal phthisis. Armand Trousseau was ‘no friend to homeopathy, but too wise and too honest a man to refuse to learn from his opponents‘. In 1834, Armand Trousseau commented that homeopaths were ”Honorable men, friends in whose good faith we have confidence” even though they practice a system which is “speculative” and “against scientific principles““.Homeopaths responded that they were confident in the great Trousseau, with his candour and love of science, to fully investigate the doctrines of homeopathy.
1829 - Christian Theodore Herrmann, was a German orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy - he was a student and great nephew (by marriage) of Samuel Hahnemann - and he conducted clinical trials into homeopathy, including the successful treatment of tuberculosis, resulting in homeopathy becoming sanctioned in Russia by Tsar Nicholas I,
1830 - Lucretia Coffin Mott, was an American Quaker minister,abolitionist, social reformer and proponent of women’s rights. Lucretia Coffin Mott is credited as the first American “feminist” in the early 1800s but was, more accurately, the initiator of women’s political advocacy. Lucretia Coffin Mott cured Sarah Hunt of tuberculosis with homeopathy (Sarah Hunt and her sister Harriet Kezia Hunt were self taught eclectic physicians and homeopaths. Harriet Kezia Hunt strove throughout her life to change the rigid face of orthodox medicine, with its ugly prejudices against women and its dangerous therapeutic methods),
1830 - Robert Fludd (16th century physician) was the first person to record the isopathic treatment of tuberculosis in the 17th century. The second person to do so was homeopath Constantine Hering (the ‘father of American Homeopathy’) in 1830 in America.
1830 - Joseph Attomyr, a Croatian orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy, cured himself of tuberculosis using the remedy sepia, astonishing his allopathic colleagues, but he was nonetheless expelled from his medical school for practicing homeopathy,
1834 - Christian Gottlob Hornburg, a German orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy to become one of Samuel Hahnemann‘s earliest disciples, and the first homeopath to cure pleurisy and pneumonia with Aconite, died of neglected tuberculosis aged 41,
1835 - James Clark, Physician to the Duchess of Kent and Queen Victoria, asked Frederick Hervey Foster Quin for some homeopathic medicine and a list of books as he wished to conduct clinical trials into homeopathy, and he wrote a Treatise on Pulmonary Consumption,
1835 - Benoit Jules Mure, was a French orthodox physician who travelled throughout Europe trying to cure his tuberculosis, finding his cure with homeopath Comte Sebastien Gaeten Salvador Maxime Des Guidi, and resulting in his own conversion to homeopathy,
1837 - Federal Vanderburgh, was an American orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy and cured himself of tuberculosis, and he also successfully treated tuberculosis in the wife of George Herbert Taylor, a water cure proprietor who later became a doctor and adherent of the Swedish Movement System. George Herbert Taylor‘s brother Charles Fayette Taylor who also worked with his brother at the Water Cure became an Orthopaedic Surgeon who went on to study in London under homeopath Mathias Roth and was also an adherent of the Swedish Movement System. Federal Vanderburgh’s homeopathic cures became so famous that a great many orthodox physicians (approximately 42 doctors in 20 years) converted to homeopathy as a result of his influence.
1840 - Sebastian Kneipp, a German Catholic priest and is the source of a natural cure which is still operating today in German Kneipp-Kur, cured himself of tuberculosis with the cold water cure, and he wrote extensively on the subject, and opened a series of hydrotherapy clinics known as the Kneipp clinics, which are still in operation today,
1846 - John Forbes, a British orthodox physician and medical journalist, and one of the founders of the British Medical Association, was one of the very few allopaths who gave earnest consideration to homeopathy (despite vicious attacks from his colleagues for doing so), was a consulting physician to the Brompton Hospital for Consumption and Diseases of the Chest,
1847 - The Margaret Street Infirmary for Consumption at 26 Margaret Street, West London, originally a Parish Workhouse, and also used as a Dead House for the Poor, was inaugurated as a Tuberculosis Hospital, staffed with homeopaths and allopaths,
1848 - Frederic Chopin, a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic period, arrived in Edinburgh extremely ill with tuberculosis, but after homeopathic treatment from Adam Lyszczynski he was soon well enough to travel and to perform,
1850 - Paul Francois Curie, was a French orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy to become one of the founders of homeopathy in Britain, (father of Pierre Curie) ‘undertook an investigation on the inoculation for tuberculosis’. From this point on, homeopaths routinely treated tuberculosis with remedies made from tuberculous sputum, ‘attenuated‘ and ‘diluted‘ and called tuberculinum (Harris Livermore Coulter page 81).
1850 - George Calvert Holland, was a British orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy and wrote Practical suggestions for the prevention of consumption, The nature and cure of consumption, indigestion, scrofula, and nervous affections, and Cases illustrative of the cure of consumption and indigestion,
1851 - tuberculosis was the cause of one-third of all deaths in Boston,
1852 - Emily Dickinson, an American poet, was cured of suspected tuberculosis by William Wesselhoeft (a German orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy - a protege of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe),
1852 - State clinical trials on homeopathy across Europe, approximately 50,000 patients were involved in these studies, included many cured cases of tuberculosis,
1855 - David Wilson, was a British orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy to become a Medical officer of the Westminster and St. George Free Dispensary for consumption and diseases of the chest,
1855 - Jean Paul Tessier, a French orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy and wrote Clinical Remarks Concerning the Homeopathic Treatment of Pneumonia. Between 1848 and 1862, at the request of his mentor Francois Magendie, Jean Paul Tessier conducted clinical trials into homeopathy at the St. Marguerite Hospital in Beaujohn in Paris, successfully treating pneumonia (how many woud have been tuberculosis?) and cholera. Jean Paul Tessier died of tuberculosis in 1862 at the age of 52,
1857 - Fewster Robert Horner, was a British orthodox physician, President and Vice President of the British Medical Association, and a virulent sceptic of homeopathy who voted against homeopathy in the infamous Brighton resolutions of 1851, and who was solely responsible for suppressing the statistics presented by the London Homeopathic Hospital during the cholera epidemic of 1854. Fewster Robert Horner nevertheless converted to homeopathy after he was asked to investigate homeopathy, only to discover that he could cure tuberculosis with homeopathy (amongst other serious pathologies) and from that time until his death, he was a stanch adherent and practitioner of the new system,
1859 - William Hitchman, a British orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy wrote Consumption: its nature, prevention, and homeopathic treatment,
1861 - Ralph Barnes Grindrod, a British orthodox physician who, though proclaiming his absolute antagonism towards homeopathy, nevertheless worked alongside the homeopaths in the Malvern Hydrotherapy Establishment, where he closely observed the work of James Manby Gully
- set out to expose the many allopathic practitioners who ‘secretly’ came to the spa for homeopathic treatment, wrote bitterly to _The Lancet _that a ‘distinguished physician from the Consumption Hospital’ (he is probably referring to Kenneth William Millican) was secretly travelling to Malvern to consult with James Manby Gully over ‘difficult cases‘, and to bring and send their own patients to see James Manby Gully, all the while protesting against homeopathy,
1862 - Edward Smith, a British physician and medical writer who studied dietetics (and greatly influenced the homeopathic community who avidly read every article he published) wrote Consumption; Its Early and Remediable Stages,
1866 - Robert MacLimont, an American orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy and wrote The Importance of Climate Change in the first stage of pulmonary consumption,
1868 - William Budd, was a British orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy after his pioneering work on cholera, 1849, Diphtheria, 1861; Anthrax, 1862; Tuberculosis, 1867; Scarlet Fever, 1869, (William Budd also studied cattle plague and sheep smallpox),
1871 – William Hitchman, was a British orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy and who wrote “Syphilis, phthisis, scrofula, cancer, erysipelas and almost all diseases of the skin, have been conveyed, occasioned, or intensified by vaccination.”
1874 - Samuel Swan, a New York homeopath, triturated, with sugar of milk, the sputum of a tubercular patient, and called it Tuberculinum (Peter Morrell, British homeopathy during two centuries. (Staffordshire University, 1999)).
1878 - Herbert Codman Clapp, Secretary, Treasurer and President of the Boston Homeopathic Medical Society, member of the National Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis, member of the Council of the Boston Association for the Relief and Control of Tuberculosis, wrote Auscultation and Percussion, for Physicians and Students, which went through thirteen editions, and in 1880 he also wrote _ _Is Consumption Contagious_?, and in 1885 he wrote the sections on _Physical Diagnosis,_ Phthisis Pulmonalis_ and Tuberculosis in Arndt’s System of Medicine, three volumes,
1882 - Gersham Nelson Brigham, was an American orthodox doctor who converted to homeopathy who wrote Phthisis pulmonalis, or, Tubercular consumption, (Gersham Nelson Brigham considered that his practice was ‘weighed down with Phthisis‘),
1882 - Robert Koch, a German orthodox physician, isolated the tuberculosis bacillus - he ‘borrowed’ and adopted homeopathic methods - though Robert Koch, like Louis Pasteur, never ‘admitted his indebtedness’. The dosage question proved crucial. Robert Koch’s ‘stock solution’ equalled the homeopathic 2x dilution, which reacted very vigorously on the patient, inducing fever, chills, high temperature, pains in the limbs, coughing, lassitude, nausea and vomiting, with occasional icterus or measles like rashes. Robert Koch then diluted his ‘stock solution’ to the equivalent of homeopathic dilution 3x, given in 0.001cc doses to reduce the ‘aggravations’.
1882 - Joseph Sidney Mitchell was the President of the Chicago Homœopathic Medical College was the Chairman of the World’s Congress Homeopathic Physicians and Surgeons in 1893. He wrote Clinical Aspects of Koch’s Discovery Transactions of the American Institute of Homeopathy 35th Session 1882 235-43.
1888 - Richard Sandon Gutteridge, a British orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy wrote The Curability of Consumption by Specific Medicines, Mechanical Apparatus and Diet,
1890 - James Compton Burnett, was a British orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy and introduced the remedy Baccillinum and published 54 cured cases of tuberculosis in Five Years Experience in the New Cure of Consumption by Its Own Virus, treated with a remedy prepared from tuberculous sputum called bacillinum, which included a critique of Robert Koch‘s ‘crude dilutions’, pointing out the ‘aggravations‘ Robert Koch‘s patients had suffered, plus an explanation of homeopathic philosophy of aggravations as part of the curative reaction of the Vital Force,
1891 - Robert Koch was forced to disclose his method for preparing his ‘stock solution’, ‘attenuated’ and ‘diluted’, the homeopathic skeleton was out of the cupboard. The allopaths soon realised that Robert Koch was practicing an approximation of homeopathy, and Robert Koch was condemned with outrage because of this ‘incredible humiliation’, as Benjamin Ward Richardson declared in despair in 1891. Robert Koch had to flee to Egypt to escape the scandal, relinquishing the honorarium from his ‘stock solution’ in favour of a donation to the building fund for the Institute for Infectious Diseases in Berlin, to which he would soon be appointed Director (Harris Livermore Coulter page 84). Robert Koch’s patients continued to die, ‘uncounted thousands’ died in this ‘major iatrogenic disaster’. Robert Koch was forced to admit the paucity of his research and he died in the ‘conviction of failure’. Tuberculin only became clinically useful when the Robert Koch dose of 0.01cc was ‘diluted’ a million times, eventually tuberculin doses of 1/100,000 milligrams proved effective, proving the efficacy of homeopathic dilution. Robert Koch’s dosage of 0.01cc actually contained enough ‘stock solution’ to treat every tuberculosis patient in Germany (Harris Livermore Coulter page 86).
1896 - Francois Cartier, was a French orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy and wrote Bacillinum, Tuberculinum, and Aviaire, the viruses of tuberculosis, and introduced the remedy Tuberculinum Aviaire,
1897 - Albert Abrams, an American orthodox physician who invented the Radionics machine and advocated homeopathy, and wrote A Popular catechism of consumption, Pulmonary Phthisis; Report of Committee on Microscopy and Histology, and The Physical Signs of Incipient Pulmonary Tuberculosis (1892),
1899 - John William Hayward, a British orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy wrote The construction of hospitals: for consumption and other infectious diseases,
1899 - Gerard Anaclet Vincent Encausse, was a Spanish born French physician, hypnotist, and popularizer of occultism, who founded the modern Martinist Order and converted to homeopathy and wrote _La Therapeutique de la Tuberculose. _Gerard Anaclet Vincent Encausse died of tuberculosis while on military service in 1916,
1901 - Benedict Lust, a German lay homeopath and naturopath who settled in America, was cured of tuberculosis by Sebastian Kneipp, and graduated from the New York Homeopathic Medical College and opened the first school of Naturopathy in New York,
1902 - Gustave Adolphe Van den Berghe, was a Belgian orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy, treated tuberculosis (and much else) for 33 years in Belgium,
1903 - Kenneth William Millican, a British orthodox physician with ‘friendly connections‘ to homeopathy, was the Editor of the St. Louis Medical Journal (where he was elected to the Board of the Municipal Commission on Tuberculosis) (and where he published ‘liberal and enlightened views on homeopathy‘), and on the staff of the American Medical Association Journal (where he worked with many homeopathic colleagues)
1904 - Otto von Schron, a German orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy, discovered a new microbe responsible for Tuberculosis, challenging Robert Koch and claiming that Robert Koch‘s vaccine did not cure Tuberculosis, rather it aggravated it, (this was probably Avian Tuberculosis – the claim for fame for this discovery has been attributed to Otto von Schron’s student Angelo Maffucci or to Edmond Isidore Etienne Nocard),
1905 - Antoine Nebel, was a Swiss orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy, who is credited with creating the homeopathic remedy Tuberculinum Residuum, and he ran a Tuberculosis sanitorium in the Swiss Alps,
1906 - Dorothy Shepherd, a British orthodox physician who was brought up with homeopathy and converted to homeopathy several years after she graduated, was converted to high potencies after taking Tuberculinum 1M which restored her mental acuity and near photographic memory,
1906 - Henry Duprat, was a Swiss French orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy, who wrote L’adénopathie trachéo-bronchique tuberculeuse chez les enfants,
1907 - Almroth Edward Wright, was a British bacteriologist and immunologist and a close friend of homeopath Sir John Weir who freely admitted that homeopathy did influence his work, who developed therapeutic vaccines of tuberculin to a high degree of efficacy,
1910 - Alan John Percivale Taylor’s mother Constance Taylor took him to see a homeopath, worried about her frail son after losing her first born daughter Mirian to tubercular meningitis. Constance Taylor‘s close friend Mary Ann (Mab) (Polly) Blackwell recommended homeopath Charles Edwin Wheeler and the two women believed this allowed Alan John Percivale Taylor, who was a renowned English historian of the 20th century, to live the life of a normal child,
1912 - William Theophilus Ord, was a British orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy and wrote Treatment of Pulmonary Phthisis, and The Curability of Phthisis in the light of modern research (1907),
1912 - Leon Vannier, was a French orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy, who upon the advice of Antoine Nebel, for five years employed the dilute serum of Marmorek, and collected 530 observations grouped by him into two categories, the tuberculinics (those predisposed), and the tuberculous,
1912 - Charles Mondain, was a French orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy, successfully treated peritoneal tuberculosis with homeopathy,
1912 - Karl Rankl, was a British conductor and composer of Austrian birth, received homeopathic treatment as a child for tuberculosis.
1913 - Paul Degrais, was a French orthodox physician who worked on the principles of afterloading and crossfire, cornerstones of modern brachytherapy to more clearly define the principle of this technique, which underlies most radiotherapy treatments (including brachytherapy, X-ray therapy and stereotactic radiosurgery), wrote Le Radium son emploi dans le Traitement du Cancer des angiomes, chéloïdes, tuberculoses locales et d’autres affections with Louis Wickham, and he inscribed a copy for Leon Vannier. The work also appeared in an English translation printed in London in the same year.
1914 - Rene Felix Eugene Allendy, was a famous French homeopath and a physician at the Leopold Bellan hospital and at the tuberculosis prevention clinics run by Hygiene Sociale de la Seine and the Saint Jacques hospital, was diagnosed with tuberculosis, and using homeopathy, he managed his illness until his death in 1942 - from tuberculosis,
1914 - The Homeopathic Hospital at Neuilly in France was operating until 1918 treating battlefield injuries, but most especially treating tuberculosis,
1918 - Edward Hesketh Gibbons Pearson, was a British actor, theatre director and writer, successfully recovered from tuberculosis, septic sores, dysentery and malaria after treatment from homeopath Raphael Roche, who was recommended to him by George Bernard Shaw,
1920 - Royal Samuel Copeland, was an American academic, homeopathic physician, and politician, who held elected offices in both Michigan (as a Republican) and New York (as a Democrat). He represented New York in the United States Senate from 1923 until 1938 was also a member of the Tuberculosis Commission of Michigan and a trustee of Michigan State Tuberculosis Sanitarium,
1922 - Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch, a German surgeon, supported August Karl Gustav Bier, also a German surgeon and the pioneer of spinal anaesthesia, when became extremely interested in homeopathy and demanded that regular medicine became more open to it. Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch heard about Max Gerson‘s success with lupus and invited him to conduct a clinical trial of his therapy at Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch’s Munich tuberculosis ward. Four hundred and fifty end stage tuberculosis patients were chosen, and Max Gerson‘s dietary regime was applied. In the first clinical trial of his therapy for a disease then considered “incurable,” it was reported that 446 patients completely recovered,
1924 - Canon Roland Upcher, was a member of the Landed Gentry, a lay homeopath, trained by John Henry Clarke alongside J Ellis Barker, who wrote a letter Consumption and Vaccination which was published in The Homeopathic World,
1925 - Leon Vannier, was a French orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy who wrote Studies and Publications State Hydrogénoïdes, Tuberculins and their treatment, __Les tuberculiniques et leurs traitements homéopathiques, in 1947
*1925 - _August Bier, German surgeon and the pioneer of spinal anaesthesia, commented: *‘The Medical world in general considered isopathy as the acme of homeopathic nonsense. Such a position is no longer tenable since isopathic treatment has been introduced and scientifically entrenched by the anti rabies vaccination of Louis Pasteur and the tuberculosis therapy of Robert Koch. The nonsense has changed into a far seeing heroic hypothesis’._
1931 - Robert Dufilho,was a French orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy, recovered from tuberculosis using homeopathy,
1936 – Meher Baba, was an Indian mystic and spiritual master who founded the Meher Free Dispensary in Meherabad India, and who dispensed homeopathic medicines free to all who sought treatment. Thousands of patients were successfully treated for a variety of acute and chronic diseases including typhoid, malaria, dysentery, tuberculosis, asthma, arthritis, and numerous skin problems. The Meher Free Dispensary is still functioning today under the auspices of the Avatar Meher Baba Perpetual Public Charitable Trust,
1938 - Igor Stravinsky, a Russian composer, recovered from tuberculosis with homeopathy, though his wife and daughter died from this disease,
1938 - Albert Schweitzer, was an Alsatian German-French theologian, organist, philosopher, and physician, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1953,and a close friend of Leon Vannier, sought out Gerson Treatment to cure his own diabetes, and to cure his wife’s tuberculosis after conventional allopathic methods failed to cure her, and Albert Schweitzer used garlic to treat tuberculosis in Gabon,
1944 - Douglas Medlicott Gibson, was a British orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy and wrote *Bone Tuberculosis Among Women and Children in Manchuria, _and *Tuberculosis Prevention in 1948_,
1997 - Mother Teresa, was an Albanian Roman Catholic nun with Indian citizenship who founded the Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta, India in 1950. For over 45 years she ministered to the poor, sick, orphaned, and dying, while guiding the Missionaries of Charity’s expansion, first throughout India and then in other countries. Mother Thersa won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979 and India’s highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna, in 1980 for her humanitarian work. Following her death she was beatified by Pope John Paul II and given the title Blessed Teresa of Calcutta. Mother Teresa had a special interest in homeopathic medicine because of its effectiveness and low cost. Mother Teresa opened her first charitable homeopathic dispensory in Calcutta in 1950. She even prescribed homeopathic medicines herself sometimes. At the time of her death, Mother Teresa’s Missionaries of Charity had over 4,000 sisters, an associated brotherhood of 300 members, and over 100,000 lay volunteers, operating 610 missions in 123 countries. These included hospices and homes for people with HIV/AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis, soup kitchens, children’s and family counseling programs, personal helpers, orphanages, and schools.
Please note: this list is far from complete…