Sue Young Histories

Culling Charles Smith 1775 - 1853

January 21, 2010

Culling **Charles **Smith ?1775 - 1853 was a British politician, Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Commissioner of Customs, was Chairman of the Management Board of the London Homeopathic Hospital, and he was also the Chairman of the Committee of the British Homeopathic Association.

Culling Charles Smith was a Steward at at The Annual Festival in aid of the funds of the London Homeopathic Hospital in 1851,

Culling Charles Smith was the grandfather of Henry Charles FitzRoy Somerset 8th Duke of Beaufort, and the brother in law of Arthur Wellesley 1st Duke of Wellington,

Culling Charles Smith lived in Devonshire Place, Marylebone, and at Wentworth’s in Middlesex,

The Annual Festival in aid of the funds of the Charity, and in commemoration of the opening of the London Homeopathic Hospital established in London, will be held at the Albion Tavern, Aldersgate street, on Thursday, the 10th of April 1851, the anniversary of the birth of Samuel Hahnemann:

Henry Charles FitzRoy Somerset 8th Duke of Beaufort in the chair.

STEWARDS: Henry William Paget Marquess of Anglesey, George Stanhope 6th Earl of Chesterfield, Arthur Algernon Capell 6th Earl of Essex, John Robert Townshend 1st Earl Sydney, John Gray 15th Lord Gray, Arthur de Vere Capell Viscount Malden, Francis Arthur Gordon, Lord Clarence Paget, Lord Alfred Paget, Culling Charles Smith, Marmaduke Blake Sampson, Frederick Hervey Foster Quin, Nathaniel Barton, J. Askew, Henry Banister, Henry Bateman 1806-1880, Capt. Branford, F Blake, Hugh Cameron, Captain Chapman, H Cholmondeley, John Burgh Crampern, Edward Cromwell Disbrowe, W. Dutton, Edward Esdaile, W. M. Fache, Fr. Fuller, H Goez, John Gosnell, George Hallett, Edward Hamilton, J Huggins, P Hughes, John Peake Knight, Joseph Kidd, Thomas Robinson Leadam, Thomas Mackern, Victor Massol, J Mayne, Jas Bell Metcalfe, C T P Metcalfe, Samuel Thomas Partridge, T Piper, W Piper, R Pope, Henry Reynolds, Albert Robinson, Henry Rosher, C J Sanders, W Scorer, Rittson Southall, T Spicer, J Smith, Charles Snewin, Charles Trueman, Thomas Uwins, W. Watkins, J Wisewould, David William Witton, Stephen Yeldham, J G Young,

The responsibility of Stewards is limited to the dinner ticket, 21s., and gentlemen who will kindly undertake the office are respectfully requested to forward their names to any of the Stewards; or to the Hon. Secretary at the Hospital. 32. Golden-square.  Ralph Buchan, Hon. Sec.

Culling Charles Smith married Lady Anne Wellesley, daughter of Charles Fitzroy 1st Baron Southampton and Anne Hill, on 2 August 1799. Charles Culling Smith was also known as Culling Charles Smith. Child of Charles Culling Smith and Lady Anne Wellesley: Emily Frances Smith b. 3 Mar 1800, d. 2 Oct 1889, (and Frederick),

Culling Charles Smith was the son of Sir Charles Smith 1st Baronet 1731 - 1812, Governor of Madras, and the brother of Sir Charles Culling Smith 2nd Baronet 1768 - 1829 (who married the daughter of Sampson Eardley 1st Baron Eardley), and the uncle of Sir Culling Eardley Eardley 3rd Baronet 1805 – 1863, who was ** **involved in the founding the London Homeopathic Hospital 1849.

Culling Charles Smith married Lady Anne Wellesley, widowed sister of Arthur Wellesley 1st Duke of Wellington,

Culling Charles Smith, the fourth son of a family which had returned to England after long service with the East India Company. He had made a socially prestigious marriage with Lady Anne Wellesley, widowed sister of Arthur Wellesley 1st Duke of Wellington but had yet to settle in a home of his own. His purchase of Virginia Farm enabled him to build a fairly large house about a hundred yards up the hill which we all know as the clubhouse and which Smith called Wentworth’s after the soldier’s widow whose holding had become merged in the site… Culling Charles Smith was well off, although most of his money was tied up in a trust designed as a marriage settlement in favour of his wife but he was, nevertheless a chronic debtor and in 1842, after years of being in hock, Wentworth’s had to be sold…

Of interest:

Lady Anne Smith, previously Fitzroy 1775 – 1844 was the sister of Arthur Wellesley 1st Duke of Wellington.

She was born Lady Anne Wesley, daughter of Garret Wesley, 1st Earl of Mornington and his wife Anne Hill, daughter of Arthur Hill Trevor 1st Viscount Dungannon.

On 7 January 1790 she married Henry Fitzroy, son of Charles Fitzroy 1st Baron Southampton. Their daughter Georgiana Frederica Fitzroy was born on 3 October 1792. Henry Fitzroy died on the 19 March 1794, and on 2 August 1799 his widow was remarried, to Culling Charles Smith. Their daughter Emily Frances Smith was born on the 3 March 1800.

On 25 July 1814 Lady Anne’s daughter Georgiana Frederica was married to Henry Somerset 7th Duke of Beaufort, who had served as an aide de camp to Arthur Wellesley 1st Duke of Wellington during the Peninsular War. Lady Worcester died on the 11 May 1821, and on 29 June 1822 Henry Somerset 7th Duke of Beaufort married Lady Anne’s other daughter Emily Frances. On 23 November 1835 Emily Frances became Duchess of Beaufort.

Lady Anne Smith died in 1844.

Sir Culling Eardley Eardley 3rd Baronet 1805 – 1863, born Culling Eardley Smith, was a Christian campaigner for religious freedom and for the protestant cause, one of the founders of the Evangelical Alliance.

Culling Eardley Smith was ** **involved in the founding the London Homeopathic Hospital 1849.

An instinctive campaigner with an interest in reform of the poor laws, Eardley was briefly Liberal Member of Parliament for Pontefract from 1830 to 1831. Though he stood again, unsuccessfully, in the United Kingdom general election, 1837, his principal driver was his religious faith.

Eardley was raised in the Church of England and despite his subsequent convictions, in particular his condemnation of State religion, remained a member. His beliefs were closely related to Congregationalism, though he never left the Anglican church. In 1839 he became chairman and treasurer of the Evangelical Voluntary Church Association, which campaigned for disestablishment.

When the Association was dissolved in 1844, Eardley became chairman of the Anti Maynooth Committee and Conference which campaigned, without success, against the Maynooth Grant.

In 1845-6, with evangelist Ridley Haim Herschell he became, one of the founders, and first chairman, of the Evangelical Alliance.

He again attempted to return to politics to found a platform for his campaigning zeal, fighting Edinburgh in 1846, against Thomas Babington Macaulay who supported Maynooth, and the West Riding of Yorkshire in 1848.

However, he was increasingly drawn to campaigning for freedom of religion, Protestant, Roman Catholic, or Jewish. He established an influential international network that included Giuseppe Garibaldi, Christian Karl Josias Bunsen and Frederick William IV of Prussia.

He was treasurer of the London Missionary Society from 1844 to 1863, and of a fund for relief of Lebanese Christians after the 1861 massacres. He worked hard to maintain broad friendly relationships with all creeds and strove to improve relationships between the Church of England and noncomformists.

In 1844, he gave financial support to Ridley Haim Herschell’s Trinity Chappel in Edgware Road, London.

However, he was a particularly strong supporter of those who felt themselves excluded from the Church of England by the practices of the Anglo Catholics. From 1850 to 1853, he sponsored, and gave financial support, to the construction of an evangelical church at Furrough Cross, Babbacombe, defying Henry Phillpotts Bishop of Exeter.

He also built a church on his Erith estate. He was also a prominent supporter of Giacinto Achilli’s, ultimately discredited, evangelical campaign in Britain.

Mostly resident a Bedwell, he lived at Belvedere from 1848 to 1858 and also had a house at Frognel, Torquay in the 1850s. He suffered from poor health in later life but died at Bedwell from an adverse reaction to a smallpox vaccination.