Charles Gordon Lennox 5th Duke of Richmond 1791 – 1860
August 22, 2009
Richmond served under Arthur Wellesley 1st Duke of Wellington, (and he may have been a patient of Samuel Hahnemann in Paris), Richmond was in Parliament with Robert Peel, and he was married to Caroline, the daughter of Henry William Paget, Marquess of Anglesey,
In 1866, Richmond was on the Committee of the Association for the Trial of Preventative and Curative Treatment in the Cattle Plague by the Homeopathic Method, with George Thomas Keppel 6th Earl of Albemarle, William Pitt Amherst 2nd Earl Amherst, Henry Charles FitzRoy Somerset 8th Duke of Beaufort, Ralph Buchan, William Alleyne Cecil Lord Burghley 3rd Marquess of Exeter, William Coutts Keppel Viscount Bury 7th Earl of Albemarle, James Key Caird 1st Baronet (Vice Chairman), Colonel Challoner, George Grimston Craven 3rd Earl of Craven, Henry William Dashwood 5th Baronet, Patrick Dudgeon, Robert Grosvenor 1st Baron Ebury, Francis Richard Charteris 10th Earl of Wemyss Lord Elcho, Arthur Algernon Capell 6th Earl of Essex, Philip Howard Frere, Richard Grosvenor Earl Grosvenor 2nd Marquess of Westminster, Edward Kerrison, Henry Charles Keith Petty Fitzmaurice 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, Lord Llanover, Colonel Farnaby Lennard, George Loch, Archibald Keppel MacDonald, Arthur de Vere Capell Viscount Malden, John Winston Spencer Churchill 7th Duke of Marlborough (Chairman), Frederick Francis Maude, William Miles, James Moore, Charles Marsham 3rd Earl of Romney, Sir Anthony Rothschild, John Villiers Shelley, John Robert Townshend 1st Earl Sydney, Lt. Colonel Charles Towneley, Augustus Henry Vernon, William Warren Vernon, Arthur Richard Wellesley 2nd Duke of Wellington (1807-1884), William Wells,
In 1866, the Treasury placed rooms at Adelphi Terrace at the disposal of John Winston Spencer Churchill 7th Duke of Marlborough, who was the Chairman of the Association for the Trial of Preventative and Curative Treatment in the Cattle Plague by the Homeopathic Method, based on the research done in Belgium by Edward Hamilton, with John Winston Spencer Churchill 7th Duke of Marlborough overseeing the work of Edward Hamilton, George Lennox Moore, James Moore and Alfred Crosby Pope.
William Coutts Keppel Viscount Bury 7th Earl of Albemarle issued an address or report for the Association for the Trial of Preventative and Curative Treatment in the Cattle Plague by the Homeopathic Method in 1866. Bury reported that the Dutch had experienced such success with homeopathy against that cattle plague, that they had authorised Edward Hamilton to visit Holland to investigate this.
Edward Hamilton discovered that the Dutch had treated 4798 cattle, 1031 were destroyed = 3767 were treated (with a mixture of allopathic and homeopathic treatments), the survival rate for the beasts treated was 45%, and the survival rate for the beasts treated only by homeopathy was 72-5%.
The Dutch Government had agreed to allow E Seutin, a homeopathic chemist, the total control of infected cattle in Matterness, and initially, E Seutin saved 70% of the cattle, though latterly, he had saved 9 out of every 10 beasts brought to him for treatment, and E Seutin’s use of homeoprophylaxic treatment of unifected beasts brought the epidemic under control entirely within four weeks. Matterness was pronounced free from infection and it has remained thus ever since. The remedies used were arsenicum, phosphorus, phos ac, rhus tox and sulphur.
In 1866, George Lennox Moore became involved with Association for the Trial of Preventative and Curative Treatment in the Cattle Plague by the Homeopathic Method, alongside Edward Hamilton and Alfred Crosby Pope, and overseen by John Winston Spencer Churchill 7th Duke of Marlborough.
George Lennox Moore wrote a detailed report on these trials, including a refutation of the falsities published in _The Lancet__ _regarding the homeopathic treatment of the cattle plague, attacking William Coutts Keppel Viscount Bury 7th Earl of Albemarle and accusing him of ‘being completely misinformed on this matter‘, and inventing a trail of misleading mistruths about the situation.
The orthodox statistics of this clinical trial revealed 8640 cases, 8% killed, 77% died and 15% recovered, though John Winston Spencer Churchill 7th Duke of Marlborough subsequently issued the interim homeopathic results claiming up to 50% recovery rates with arsenicum, belladonna, phosphorus, rhus tox and turpentine as the main homeopathic remedies used.
The Times wrote an article wishing the homeopaths success in these homeopathic trials, but they also made a pithy comment that the allopaths would probably rather see all the cattle die than have homeopathy proved successfull.
The final report on the homeopathic trials in the treatment of cattle plague was issued by John Winston Spencer Churchill 7th Duke of Marlborough. The orthodox statistics of this clinical trial revealed 8640 cases, 8% killed, 77% died and 15% recovered, though John Winston Spencer Churchill 7th Duke of Marlborough subsequently issued the interim homeopathic results claiming up to 50% recovery rates with arsenicum, belladonna, phosphorus, rhus tox and turpentine as the main homeopathic remedies used.
He was educated at Westminster and Trinity College, Dublin.Richmond (while Earl of March) served on Arthur Wellesley 1st Duke of Wellington’s staff in the Peninsular War, during which time he volunteered to join the 52nd (Oxfordshire) Regiment of Foot’s advance storming party on the fortress of Ciudad Rodrigo.
He formally joined the 52nd Foot in 1813, and took command of a company of 52nd soldiers at Orthez in 1814, where he was severely wounded; the musket-ball in his chest was never removed.
During the Battle of Waterloo he was ADC to the Prince of Orange, and following that man’s wounding, served as ADC to Arthur Wellesley 1st Duke of Wellington.Richmond received the Military General Service Medal with eight clasps.
Richmond sat as Member of Parliament for Chichester between 1812 and
- The latter year he succeeded his father in the dukedom and entered the House of Lords.
He was a vehement opponent in the House of Lords of Roman Catholic emancipation, and at a later date a leader of the opposition to Robert Peel’s free trade policy.
Although a vigorous Conservative and Ultra Tory for most of his career, Richmond’s anger with Arthur Wellesley 1st Duke of Wellington, over Catholic Emanciaption led him to lead the Ultra’s into joining Charles Grey 2nd Earl Grey’s reforming Whig government in 1830 (Lang, 1999).
He served under Charles Grey 2nd Earl Grey as Postmaster General between 1830 and 1834. He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1830. Richmond was also Lord Lieutenant of Sussex between 1835 and 1860 and was appointed a Knight of the Garter in 1829.
In 1836, on inheriting the estates of his mother’s brother, the fifth and last Duke of Gordon, he assumed the name of Gordon before that of Lennox.
Richmond married Lady Caroline, daughter of Henry William Paget, Marquess of Anglesey, (Lady Caroline Villiers), on 10 April 10, 1817. The couple had five sons and five daughters, including:
- Charles Gordon Lennox, 6th Duke of Richmond 1818 - 1903
- Lady Caroline Amelia Gordon Lennox 1819 – 1890, married John Ponsonby 5th Earl of Bessborough
- Fitzroy George Charles Gordon Lennox 1820 – 1841, lost at sea aboard SS President
- Rt. Hon. Lord Henry Charles George Gordon Lennox 1821 – 1886, married Amelia Brooman and left no issue
- Captain Lord Alexander Francis Charles Gordon Lennox 1825 – 1892, married Emily Towneley and left issue
- Lady Augusta Catherine Gordon Lennox 1827 – 1904, married Prince Edward of Saxe Weimar 1823–1902
- Lord George Charles Gordon Lennox 1829 – 1877, married Minnie Palmer and left no issue
Richmond died at Portland Place, Marylebone, London, in October 1860, aged 69. He was succeeded in the dukedom by his eldest son, Charles. The Duchess of Richmond died in March 1874, aged 77.