Andrew Carnegie 1835 - 1919
November 08, 2008
Carnegie employees were often also found on the Boards of homeopatic institutions, and funds for the rebuilding of homeopathic hospitals were made available right up to the time of the Flexner Report.
The Carnegie family were generous benefactors of homeopathy and they have been blamed for the demise of homeopathy in America, but is this true?
Nonetheless, homeopathy has continued to flourish around the World and is now stronger than it has ever been, and it is on Abraham Flexner and Arthur Bevan, the head of the American Medical Association’s Council on Medical Education. It was no surprise that Arthur Bevan toured many medical schools with Abraham Flexner for the purposes of compiling this devious report.
The not so hidden forces they represented are where we should lay the blame for the closure of homeopathic hospitals and schools in America, and also on the mistaken idea that science and antibiotics could cure all the ills that assail humanity.
Also, Abraham Flexner and Arthur Bevan sought to close down many of the allopathic medical schools, in addition to ALL of those school dedicated to black people and women, and to those educating the poor, but the underlying purpose of this reduction in all medical schools was to reduce the number of doctors in order to reduce all types of competition.
In 1909 the Carnegie Foundation commissioned a survey on the quality of American Medical Schools as part of their philanthropic programme, but they left the implementation to Abraham Flexnor, whose own story is not terribly impressive, (as he had no medical education himself, regarded pharmacy as uneccessary).
The target of the Carnegie Foundation review was not homeopathic schools and institutions which were beacons of modernity and good medical education. The Carnegies and the Rockerfellers and most of the Standard Oil families consulted homeopaths at this time.
Rather, the target was the allopathic schools and hospitals which were in a very sorry state, mostly because they had totally lost the fight against the inspiration of homeopathy, but also because the World itself had changed beyond all recognition, and the American medical world needed to measure up to the rest of the World, which it patently no longer could do.
Carnegie’s initial report on the state of allopathic medical institutions actually reads: Factories for the Making of Ignorant Doctors; Carnegie Foundation’s startling report that incompetent doctors were manufactured wholesale in America.
The Carnegie Foundation report explained that many universities had simply annexed medical schools without taking responsibility for the standards of their education or even for their financial support.
The Carnegie Foundation regarded all such institutions as public bodies fully answerable to the public.
Though it began with medical institutions, as America was awash with small independent colleges, the Carnegie Report covered all educational establishments, consolidating a large number of colleges primarily concerned with secondary education, and the important universities which were to be streamlined and regulated along common lines, eliminating the multiple different regulations that pertained across the whole scope of American educational establishments. (Indeed Abraham Flexnor roundly condemned Stanford Medical School which did survive).
Many of the innovations in the medical schools had been pioneered by homeopathic medical colleges, but only partially incorporated across the board. Laboratory studies and protocols were extremely patchy in allopathic schools, and the report specifically mentions that whether the medical school be allopathic, homeopathic, osteopathic or electric, then all practitoners of these various fields should have a common grounding in the fundamentals of the newly emerging sciences.
The Carnegie Report singled out for criticism the secrecy surrounding certain medical institutions which guarded their methods and had a marked aversion to publicity, with particular regard to who has what sort of medical training and especially to those who had no medical training whatsoever.
The Carnegie Report pointed out that enormous numbers of ill trained and uneducated practitioners had poured out of such medical colleges, with the public ill prepared to judge the qualifications of those who treated them.
Part of the Carnegie Report was to concentrate on educating the public, and to prevent large numbers of medical staff emerging from commercial establishments concerned and funded largely by advertising
- most medical schools were indeed simple profit making industries - paying absolutely no attention whatsoever to the advances in medicine
- and solely concerned with providing an education of whatever sort for the poor of America.
The Carnegie Report informed us that this was of no benefit to a profession which cannot maintain its status and professionalism if the numbers are too great, and calling for ‘educational patriotism’ and medical patriotism’ to guard the regard which such a profession should be accorded in the modern World.
Thus it is of benefit to good social order that the numbers educated in the medical profession should not ‘exceed a certain ratio’, and the Carnegie Report also applied this criteria to law education to which it also addressed itself.
The Carnegie Report specifically mentions the aspirations of the young men (note that it does not mention women!) coming forward for education who should expect a decent education instead of the commerical exploitation they faced under the existing system, and that medicine should be a profession and not a business.
The Carnegie Report also has special mention to the education of women and ‘negroes’ (which had always been allowed into homeopathic medical colleges), and emphasised again and again how the public has been mislead to such an extent, they no longer believe they have any ‘interests to protect’ due to the commercial pollution of the existing educational system.
Abraham Flexnor also closed down all medical schools that admitted women and ‘negroes’, so the mysogeny and the racism underpinning the vested interests were not solely directed at homeopaths. Flexner also closed any schools that the poor could afford, thus ensuring the elitism to come!
Some states were so oversupplied with medical staff that no employment was possible for them, and that most of them were innadequately trained and graduated from unsatisfactory establishments, which serves neither graduate nor public.
In essence, America was over provisioned with small commercial establishments churning out ill prepared graduates with no hope of employment at best, or totally unsafe practitioners who would never be able to doctor the population at worst.
The whole system was driven by crude commercial instincts which could not measure up to the emerging science of modern medicine, and most did not even try to. University and post graduate institutions were no better.
This is not criticism of homeopathic institutions, which since their inception had always seen their role as offering free education, not only to the public, but to allopathic doctors and to patients as well.
This criticism could not be leveled against homeopathic institutions which had been innovative since their inception and which had pioneered all of the modern medical techniques and methods on both sides of the Atlantic, including laboratory work, indeed homeopaths were amongst the pioneers of the use of the microscope, and homeopaths invented empirical scientific research to counter the attacks from allopaths.
Homeopaths had been at the forefront of medical science from the outset and had eagerly assimilated modern techniques from around the World since the 1820s. However, homeopaths then as now were not wholy united and loved a good argument, so they were not able to withstand, nor at the time able to totally comprehend the sheer vehemence concetrated in the hands of such fabulous wealth to opt for a closed shop and vested interests at the expense of humanity (especially as the iatrogenic illness that would result from modern pharmaceuticals was totaly unknown in 1910).
It is a dire criticism of allopathic universities and colleges which absolutely refused to co-operate with the innovations pouring out of the homeopathic medical schools and hospitals, preferring instead to rely on outdated and disproved theories, obviously causing standards to drop dramatically and finding nothing to put in the place of the inspiration of homeopathy, falling back instead onto vested interests and protecting their incomes.
Though this was not true of every allopath individually, their institutions wasted valuable time attacking the competition homeopaths represented and refusing to carry medicine forward, instead they dragged it backwards.
The Carnegie Report was a report that was fundamentally needed, and the sad fact that Abraham Flexner then used his position to support big business, vested interests and very old grudges is simply a display of big money and corporate greed.
It was however, a technique which was to reign throughout the mayhem that vast fortunes flowing from the steel industry, and the newly discovered oil in the Americas, and the banking fortunes accumulated as a result of all the unfortunate wars, and ushered in with such a force that it could not be gainsaid.
The World simply had to discover for itself that industrial greed and lack of philanthropic morality would bring the World to the point of collapse that we saw in the 1930s and in 2008. Such is the way humanity lurches forward. Such is the way the World learns.
Previously, the Carnegie Foundation, and indeed the Rockerfeller Foundation, had been major benefactors of homeopathy. The Carnegie Foundation, and the Rockerfeller Foundation, initially had no intention of harming a hair on the head of homeopathy. However, they were simply unaware, as everyone was at the time, just how nefarious big business was moving behind the scenes to eliminate competition and to screw every cent out of the World that their minions could devise.
These behind the scenes machinations are well known about today, but in 1909, and most importantly after World War 1, people were quite simply unprepared for the power and influence that oil money and big finance would have in the newly emerging 20th Century.
It was not conceivable to people in 1909 just how big finance and big industry would combine to strangle the World and bend us to its will.
Indeed, it could be argued that even now, in the aftermath of the Credit Crunch of late 2008, people are only slowly becoming aware of the drear effect of money for money’s sake at the expense of human health and happiness.
If this lesson is finally well learnt, then homeopathy is proud to be part of this awakening.
As an early victim of this ‘bad smell’, we know it better than most, alongside many others who have been shriveled by its bitter and deathly touch.
And so, homeopaths know instinctively when this wind blows and what its touch feels like.
We know what damage it does and we know how to contest it, and we have also learnt that what doesn’t kill you makes you so much stronger.
In fact, the attacks on homeopathy prove the homeopathic principle that poisons can be healers. To be exposed to such greed, such profiteering and such wickedness, is, for homeopaths, a proving! We know our enemy and we can name them, and we can teach others how to overcome them.
We also know that the Carnegie (and the Rockerfeller) Foundations are not the source of this bad smell. They were far too naive in 1909 to realise that it was philanthropy and humanity that was damaged so badly, or what unmitigated greed could really do, unleashed on the World, hidden behind the scenes like a snake in a very dark place.
Homeopathy just went underground, thrived abroad and, when the time was right, resurged, reinvigorated for the future, toughened like teflon, wiser, stronger and more determined and more able to tackle the true dangers to human health and happiness.
It is about time that this record was put straight and due thanks paid to the members of the Carnegie (and the Rockerfeller) families who did support us for so long and enabled American homeopathy to flower so brightly and to leave such an indelible imprint upon history.
This magnificent American epoch in homeopathic history set the seed of our rebirth across the World, and we continue to rise like a phoenix from the ashes of the greed, death, profit, poison and nihilism that big finance and big industry has left to the posterity of the human soul.
It will be philanthropy and morality and hope that rebuilds this world, and homeopathy will be right there, skin close to all that is good in this World, as we have always been.
Human infatuation with false power will eventually fade in the face of the work of good people who shout NO so loudly in the face of corruption and cruel vested interests.
THE WAY IT WAS DONE VERSION 1
Despite the American Medical Association’s frenetic claims of improving medical care, records show that the state of American health was declining. During the nineteenth century, it had shown steady improvement, probably because of the ministrations of the homeopaths.
A typical disease of the period was tuberculosis. In 1812, the death rate from tuberculosis in New York was 700 per 100,000. When Robert Koch isolated the bacillus in 1882, this death rate had already declined to
- In 1910, when the first TB sanatorium was opened, this rate had further declined to 180 per 100,000. By 1950, this death rate had dropped to 50 per 100,000.
Medical records prove that a 90% decline in child mortality from scarlet fever, diphtheria, whooping cough and measles occurred before the introduction of antibiotics and immunization, from 1860-1896. This was also well before the Food and Drug Act was passed in 1905, which set up governmental control of interstate commerce in drugs.
In 1900, the American Medical Association Journal, which was already under the editorship of Dr. George H. Simmons, sounded the call to arms. “The growth of the profession must be stemmed if individual members are to find the practice of medicine a lucrative profession.”
One would find difficulty in reading in the literature of any profession a more determined demand for monopoly. But how was this goal to be achieved? The Merlin who was to wave his magic wand and bring about this dramatic development in the medical profession turned out to be none other than the richest man in the world, the insatiable monopolist, John D Rockerfeller.
Fresh from his triumph of organizing his gigantic oil monopoly, a victory as well-blooded as any ancient Roman triumph, John D Rockerfeller, the creature of the House of Rothschild and its Wall Street emissary, Jacob Schiff, realized that a medical monopoly might bring him even greater profits than his oil trust.
In 1892, John D Rockerfeller appointed Frederick T. Gates as his agent, conferring upon him the title of “head of all his philanthropic endeavors.” As it turned out, each of John D Rockerfeller’s well-publicized “philanthropies” was specifically designed to increase not only his wealth and power, but also the wealth and power of the hidden figures whom he so ably represented.
Frederick T. Gates’ first present to John D Rockerfeller was a plan to dominate the entire medical education system in the United States. The initial step was taken by the organization of the Rockefeller Institute of Medical Research.
In 1907, the American Medical Association “requested” the Carnegie Foundation to conduct a survey of all the medical schools of the nation. Even at this early date, the Rockerfeller interests had already achieved substantial working control of the Carnegie Foundations which has been maintained ever since.
It is well known in the foundation world that the Camegie Foundations (there are several), are merely feeble adjuncts of the Rockefeller Foundation. The Carnegie Foundation named one Abraham Flexner to head up its study of medical schools. Coincidentally, his brother Simon was the head of the Rockefeller Institute of Medical Research.
The Flexner Report was completed in 1910, after many months of travel and study. It was heavily influenced by the German trained allopathic representation in the American medical profession. It was later revealed that the primary influence on Flexner had been his trip to Baltimore. He had been a graduate of Johns Hopkins University. This school had been established by Daniel Coit Gilman 1831 - 1908. Daniel Coit Gilman 1831 - 1908 had been one of the three original incorporators of the Russell Trust at Yale University (now known as the Brotherhood of Death).
Its Yale headquarters had a letter in German authorizing Daniel Coit Gilman 1831 - 1908 to set up this branch of the Illuminati in the United States. Daniel Coit Gilman 1831 - 1908 incorporated the Peabody Fund and the John Slater Fund, which later became the Rockefeller Foundation.
Daniel Coit Gilman 1831 - 1908 also became an original incorporator of Rockefeller’s General Education Board, which was to take over the United States system of medical education; the Carnegie Foundation and the Russell Sage Foundation.
At Johns Hopkins University. Daniel Coit Gilman 1831 - 1908 also taught Richard Theodore Ely, who became the evil genius of Woodrow Wilson’s education. Daniel Coit Gilman 1831 - 1908’s final achievement in the last year of his life was to advise Herbert Hoover on the advisability of setting up a think tank. Hoover later followed Daniel Coit Gilman 1831 - 1908’s plan in setting up the Hoover Institution after the First World War. This institution furnished the movers and shapers of the “Reagan Revolution” in Washington.
Not surprisingly, the American people found themselves saddled with even more debt and an even more oppressive federal bureaucracy, all the result of Daniel Daniel Coit Gilman 1831 - 1908’s Illuminati prospectus.
Flexner spent much of his time at Johns Hopkins University finalizing his report. The medical school, which had only been established in 1893, was considered to be very up to date. It was also the headquarters of the German allopathic school of medicine in the United States. Flexner, born in Louisville, Ky., had studied at the University of Berlin. The president of the Zionist Organization of America, Louis Brandeis, also from Louisville, was an old friend of the Flexner family.
After Woodrow Wilson appointed Brandeis to the Supreme Court, Brandeis appointed himself a delegate to Paris to attend the Versailles Peace Conference in 1918. His purpose was to advance the goals of the Zionist movement at this conference. Bernard Flexner, who was then an attorney in New York, was asked to accompany Brandeis as the official legal counsel to the Zionist delegation in Pads. Bernard Flexner later became a founding member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and a trustee of the Rockefeller Foundation with his brother Simon.
Simon Flexner had been appointed the first director of the Rockefeller Institute of Medical Research at its organization in 1903. Abraham Flexner joined the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching in 1908, serving there until his retirement in 1928. He also served for years as a member of Rockefeller’s General Education Board. He was awarded a Rhodes Memorial lectureship at Oxford University. His definitive work was published in 1913, “Prostitution in Europe.”
Abraham Flexner submitted a final report to John D Rockerfeller which apparently was satisfactory in every way. Its first point was an emphatic agreement with the American Medical Association’s lament that there were too many doctors. The Flexner solution was a simple one; to make medical education so elitist and expensive, and so drawn out, that most students would be prohibited from even considering a medical career.
The Flexner program set up requirements for four years of undergraduate college, and a further four years of medical school. His report also set up complex requirements for the medical schools; they must have expensive laboratories and other equipment.
As the requirements of the Flexner Report became effective, the number of medical schools was rapidly reduced. By the end of World War I, the number of medical schools had been reduced from 650 to a mere 50 in number. The number of annual graduates had been reduced from 7500 to 2500.
The enactment of the Flexner restrictions virtually guaranteed that the Medical Monopoly in the United States would result in a small group of elitist students from well to do families, and that this small group would be subjected to intense controls.
THE WAY IT WAS DONE VERSION 2
Indeed, John D Rockerfeller’s very complex story and legacy lies with the vultures who circled his billions:
While Rockefeller and his son wanted only the relative peace and tranquility of millions in the bank, divorced from the manner in which those millions had been gained and safe from governmental and public attacks, Abraham Flexner saw more clearly than any other how that money could be used to further Progressive Education in the United States.
John Davison Rockerfeller Senior instructed Frederick Gates, his financial advisor, to issue major grants to homeopathic institutions. An advocate of conventional medicine, Frederick Gates ignored his boss’s orders and $350 million in donations went to orthodox medicine and hospitals.
Frederick Gates was strongly interested in German medicine, and was opposed to the traditional homeopathic medicine used by John Davison Rockerfeller Senior’s personal physician, Hamilton Fisk Biggar, with whom he often had heated arguments.
Despite his personal preference for homeopathy, John D Rockerfeller, on Gates’s advice, became one of the first great benefactors of medical science. In 1901, he founded the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research in New York. It changed its name to Rockefeller University in 1965, after expanding its mission to include graduate education.
Abraham Flexner, the owner of a bankrupt prep school, had the good fortune to have a brother, Simon, who was director of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research. At his brother’s suggestion, Abraham Flexner was hired by the Rockefeller-allied Carnegie Foundation so that the report would not be seen as a Rockefeller initiative. And Carnegie, whose main goal was to “rationalize” higher education, that is, replace religion with science, saw the American Medical Association’s cartelization drive as useful.
Claiming to have investigated nearly every school in the country, Flexner rated them on suitability. Schools he praised received lush grants from the Rockefeller and associated foundations, and almost all the medical schools he condemned were shut down, especially the “commercial” institutions.
American Medical Association dominated state medical boards ruled that in order to practice medicine, a doctor had to graduate from an approved school. Post-Flexner, a school could not be approved if it taught alternative therapies, didn’t restrict the number of students, or made profits based on student fees.
One of the consequences of Flexner’s advocacy of university based medical education was that medical education became much more expensive, putting such education out of reach of all but upper middle class white males.
The small “proprietary” schools Flexner condemned, which were contended to be have been based in generations old folk traditions rather than relatively recent western science, did admit African Americans, women, and students of limited financial means. These students usually could not afford 6-8 years of university education, and were often simply denied admission to medical schools affiliated with universities.
A further severe blow to homeopathy was the Flexner Report in 1910, (John E. Churchill, president of the Board of Education of New York, called the report a “menace to the freedom of teaching.” Years later, Flexner admitted that he knew nothing about medical education. But he did not need to in order to serve his employers’ purposes).
The Flexner Report was an evaluation of medical schools by the American Medical Association. In view of the American Medical Association’s traditional opposition to “sectarian medicine,” it is not surprising that the examiners gave a low rating to homeopathic medical schools, among others, thus denying them a share in the millions of dollars, principally the Rockefeller grants, that were being given to allopathic institutions.
One by one, the homeopathic medical schools closed and the homeopathic hospitals were converted to standard institutions. With the advent of the “wonder drugs” in the early 1940s, homeopathy appeared to be obsolete.
It was several years before Flexner finally cashed in, securing a $1.5 million gift from the Board to the German oriented Johns Hopkins University. That same year (1913), he left Carnegie and joined the Board to direct the allocation of Rockefeller millions to the development of chemically oriented medicine in the United States.
It is interesting to note that the basic ingredient for almost all chemicals is coal tar or crude oil. Rockefeller’s Standard Oil Company naturally could and would supply the crude oil for the drugs the new doctors and medical schools would religiously promote.
The Rockefeller group would also later become involved in many major drug companies and cartel agreements thereby directly profiting from drug sales within the new drug oriented medical field it supported and helped create.
Sadly, there is much evidence that illnesses such as cancer and alzheimer’s are largely caused by chemical food additives, cosmetics, pesticides, solvents and chemical poisons which permeate our modern environment (these organic chemical substances are also derived largely from crude oil) .
Quantities of money such as these can literally buy anything. John D Rockerfeller’s biggest problem was what to do with the large amounts of excess money which kept pouring into his financial empire.
A select group of these top people could choose, at whim, any theory or ideology, and using their nearly unlimited funds, promote it, saturate the media, gain it’s acceptance, garner outside support, form “professional” societies, get it into major colleges and universities, create an air of “professionalism” about it, support it in all it’s applied forms, and thereby infiltrate an entire society with whatever notions they choose.
Whatever the motive behind it, and whether intentionally evil or not, this is what was done with the subjects of modern psychology, education and psychiatry (and also medicine) - psychiatry is simply “medicalized” psychology.
While John D Rockerfeller may not have actually intended or planned social control, educational demise, the subversion of workable medical methods, and widespread legal drug addiction (modern psychiatric drugs), the use of his money did have this effect.
His offspring John D. Rockerfeller Jr. and his wunderkind, David Rockefeller, did each take a much more personal interest and involvement in these subjects. Neither of them can be declared innocent or ignorant of the disastrous results which have followed wherever the Rockefeller money and power has gone.